Title: Smart City: Large-Scale Cyber-Physical Systems in Action
Director, ATC, Microsoft ARD
Abstract: The world has experienced unprecedented urban growth in recent decades. In 2008, for the first time in history, the world's population was evenly split between urban and rural areas. And, according to the United Nations, nearly 70% of the population will live in cities by the year 2050. This urban immigration generates tremendous opportunities for cities by increasing production, commerce, and human capital. It also generates the challenges in transportation systems, environment, water and energy consumption and more. While these issues are not new, their scale and intensity are unprecedented. For cities to continue to be a viable centers of civilization, commerce and culture, we must find ways to overcome these challenges.
In this talk we shall discusshow IT could help overcome such problems. More specifically, how IT can help build smart cities which are supposed to be much more efficient in energy consumption and in productivity. Smart cities are, in essence, cyber-physical systems with extremely large scale. Building such systems will be nontrivial. We shall discuss various technological challenges and present some initial thoughts and solutions.
Biography: Dr.Zhen Liu joined Microsoft Asia R&D Center in 2012 as the Head of China Innovation Group, based in Beijing. Before joining Microsoft, Zhen was with Nokia as the Head of Nokia Research Center (NRC) Beijing, and then became the Head of NRC Growth Economies Lab, which has research teams in Beijing, Shenzhen, Bangalore and Nairobi. Prior to this experience, Zhen was with IBM T. J. Watson Research Center and served as the manager of System Analysis and Optimization group, and the senior manager of the Next Generation Distributed Systems department. Zhen also worked in Orange Labs (France Telecom R&D) as a Research Associate, and in INRIA (the French national research center on information and automation), first as a Researcher, then became a Research Director.
Zhen has been passionate about both scientific explorations and innovations with industrial impact. He has obtained over 80 patents granted and published over 200 scientific papers in prestigious journals and conferences and got the best paper award at the 37th ICPP. He was master inventor at IBM.
Under Zhen’s leadership, his teams transferred a number of technologies to product groups in IBM and in Nokia with significant business impact. The Nokia Research Center lab he led was awarded the Best Research Lab in 2010 in China by World Entrepreneur, and was ranked a few times by ITBrand the Number One of Corporate Research Labs in Asia.
Zhen is a fellow of IEEE. He has served NSF Panels a number of times. He was member of over 60 conference program committees. Zhen Liu was the general chair of the ACM Sigmetrics 2008 Conference, co-chair of ACM HotMetrics 2008, program co-chair of the Joint Conference of ACM Sigmetrics and IFIP Performance 2004, technical program co-chair of Sensorcomm 2009, and area technical program committee chair for INFOCOM 2008 and INFOCOM 2009. Zhen is on the editorial boards of several journals including IEEE Transactions on Service Computing and the Journal of Performance Evaluation.
Zhen has given keynotes and distinguished lectures in various conferences and universities. He was an adjunct professor at University of Science and Technology of China and Beijing University of Post and Telecommunications. While he was in France, Zhen was also an adjunct professor of the University of Paris VI (University of Pierre & Marie Curie) and the University of Nice - Sophia Antipolis, France.
His areas of expertise include mobile computing, mobile services, cloud computing, stream processing, real-time analytics, performance modeling, stochastic optimization, service oriented architecture and semantic Web.